Soon, use birth certificate as single document to avail host of services
Sep 14, 2023
A new law in India will allow the use of birth certificates as a single document for various purposes, including admission to educational institutes, obtaining driving licenses, applying for Aadhaar cards or passports, and registering marriages. The law, which will come into effect on October 1, aims to create a national and state-level database of registered births and deaths, ensuring efficient and transparent delivery of public services.
The use of birth certificate as a single document will be facilitated under a new amended law, which can be used for a host of works and services like admission to educational institutes, issuance of driving licences, applying for Aadhaar card or passport and registration of marriage. This will come into effect from October 1.
The Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Act, 2023 was passed in the Parliament during the monsoon session and President Droupadi Murmu gave her assent on August 11.
"In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (2) of section 1 of the Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Act, 2023 (20 of 2023), the central government hereby appoints the 1st day of October, 2023, as the date on which the provisions of the said Act shall come into force," according to a notification issued by Mritunjay Kumar Narayan, Registrar General and Census Commissioner.
The law enables use of the birth certificate as a single document also for appointment to a post in central or state government or a local body or public sector undertaking or in any statutory or autonomous body under the central or state government.
The said act can ensure efficient and transparent delivery of public services and social benefits, and digital registration as it also can be of help to create a national and state-level database of registered births and deaths.
The legislation will facilitate the insertion of provisions for digital registration and electronic delivery of certificates of births and deaths for the benefit of the public at large to create a national and state-level database of registered births and deaths which would help in updating other databases resulting in efficient and transparent delivery of public services and social benefits.
The law will provide for the issuance of a passport, Aadhaar number and any other purpose as may be determined by the central government to enhance public convenience and to avoid multiplicity of documents to prove date and place of birth in the country, according to the statement of objects and reasons of the legislation.
The Act provides for change of the ordering authority from magistrate of the first class or presidency magistrate to district magistrate or sub-divisional magistrate or an executive magistrate authorised by the district magistrate in the case of delayed information of any birth or death to the registrar after one year of its occurrence and submission of self-attested document instead of an affidavit made before a notary public in the case of delayed information of any birth or death to the registrar after 30 days but within one year of its occurrence.
The legislation provides for facilitating the registration process of adopted, orphan, abandoned, surrendered, surrogate child and child to a single parent or unwed mother and makes it mandatory for all medical institutions to provide a certificate as to the cause of death to the registrar and a copy of the same to the nearest relative.
It provides for the appointment of special "sub-registrars" in the event of disaster or epidemic for speedy registration of deaths and issue of certificates, to collect Aadhaar numbers of parents and informants, if available, in case of birth registration.
It will also ensure addressing the grievances of the general public aggrieved by any action or order of the registrar or district registrar and enhance the penalties provided in the Act.
Union Minister of State for Home Nityanand Rai had said in Lok Sabha that the original Act had not been amended since its inception and to keep pace with the societal change and technological advancements during the period of its operation and to make it more citizen-friendly, there is a need to amend the Act.
[The Economic Times]