Treatment of inter-divisional transfers

Attention of the members is invited to the definition of the term 'revenue' in Accounting Standard (AS) 9, Revenue Recognition, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, which is reproduced below:


    "Revenue is the gross inflow of cash, receivables or other consideration arising in the course of the ordinary activities of an enterprise from the sale of goods, from the rendering of services, and from the use by others of enterprise resources yielding interest, royalties and dividends. Revenue is measured by the charges made to customers or clients for goods supplied and services rendered to them and by the charges and rewards arising from the use of resources by them. In an agency relationship, the revenue is the amount of commission and not the gross inflow of cash, receivables or other consideration." (emphasis supplied)

The use of the word 'enterprise' in the definition of the term 'revenue' clearly implies that the transfers within the enterprise cannot be considered as fulfilling the definition of the term 'revenue'. Thus, the recognition of inter-divisional transfers as sales is an inappropriate accounting treatment and is inconsistent with Accounting Standard (AS) 9, Revenue Recognition. This aspect is further strengthened by considering the recognition criteria laid down in AS 9. Paragraphs 10 and 11 of AS 9, reproduced below, provide as to when revenue from the sale of goods should be recognised:

"10. Revenue from sales or service transactions should be recognised when the requirements as to performance set out in paragraphs 11 and 12 are satisfied, provided that at the time of performance it is not unreasonable to expect ultimate collection. If at the time of raising of any claim it is unreasonable to expect ultimate collection, revenue recognition should be postponed.

11. In a transaction involving the sale of goods, performance should be regarded as being achieved when the following conditions have been fulfilled:

  1. the seller of goods has transferred to the buyer the property in the goods for a price or all significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer and the seller retains no effective control of the goods transferred to a degree usually associated with ownership; and


  2. no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of the goods."


Since in case of inter-divisional transfers, risks and rewards remain within the enterprise and also there is no consideration from the point of view of the enterprise as a whole, the recognition criteria for revenue recognition are also not fulfilled in respect of inter-divisional transfers



Read our disclaimer and privacy policy
In case of problems viewing CAalley, please inform us