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Accounting for exchange differences arising on a forward exchange contract entered into to hedge the foreign currency risk of a firm commitment or a highly probable forecast transaction

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) issued an Announcement on 'Applicability of Accounting Standard (AS) 11 (revised 2003), The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates, in respect of exchange differences arising on a forward exchange contract entered into to hedge the foreign currency risk of a firm commitment or a highly probable forecast transaction ' (see 'The Chartered Accountant', July 2004 (pp. 110)). As per the Announcement, AS 11 (revised 2003) is not applicable to the exchange differences arising on forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge the foreign currency risks of a firm commitment or a highly probable forecast transaction. It is stated in the Announcement that the hedge accounting, in its entirety, including hedge of a firm commitment or a highly probable forecast transaction, is proposed to be dealt with in the Accounting Standard on 'Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement', which is under formulation.

It may be noted that as per the above Announcement, AS 11 (revised 2003) is not applicable to the exchange differences arising on the forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge the foreign currency risks of a firm commitment or a highly probable forecast transaction. Accordingly, the premium or discount in respect of such contracts continues to be governed by AS 11 (revised 2003), The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates.

It has been noted that in the absence of any authoritative pronouncement of the Institute on the subject, different enterprises are accounting for exchange differences arising on such contracts in different ways which is affecting the comparability of financial statements. Keeping this in view, the matter has been reconsidered and the Institute is of the view that pending the issuance of the proposed Accounting Standard on 'Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement', which is under formulation, exchange differences arising on the forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge the foreign currency risks of a firm commitment or a highly probable forecast transaction should be recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rate changes. Any profit or loss arising on renewal or cancellation of such contracts should be recognised as income or expense for the period.

 

 

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